Cotton Growing in Gujarat, India


Cotton has been the king of clothes and has played a vital role in the history of mankind, civilization and trade.   Due to its importance
it is also called as “white gold”. In India, the state of Gujarat contributes about 39 per cent of the total cotton and 26% of the land is dedicated to cotton production. The exact period when cotton fibre was used first is not known. Archaeological excavations of about 1300 BCE in Indus river valley and Rigvedic hymns written around the 1500 BCE reveal  the use of cotton fibre.

Marco Polo recorded the cultivation of tree cotton in Gujarat in about 1290 CE. Gujarat has long been known for the fine G. herbaceum cotton, it had been growing from the days of yore. The famous muslins of ancient India, probably, owed their origin to these types of fine cotton. The soil is particularly suitable   for cotton cultivation in Gujarat .


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